Jun 26, 2007

First Draft of the Constitution, part 13

Article 38 The Right to Dignity

(1) Each and every person has the right to dignity and just treatment from, with and among others.

(2) Torture, to include corporal punishment, is forbidden.

(3) Cruel and unusual punishments shall not be inflicted, nor excessive fines imposed.

(4) The Kingdom, the government, and the Law shall respect the privacy of each individual to as great an extent as is possible while still ensuring the safety and security of all citizens.

(5) Personal property may not be taken without due compensation, except where such confiscation is imposed as a fine by the courts.

(6) All persons accused of a crime shall be presumed innocent until proven guilty. The accused must be informed of the accusation. No person shall be forced to testify against him or herself. Evidence gained in a manner contrary to the laws of the Kingdom or this Constitution shall be inadmissible in court.

(7) Forced labor is forbidden, except as part of a punishment imposed by the courts. Such punitive labor may not be cruel or unusual in its nature or performance.

(8) The Kingdom shall make no laws that discriminate against persons based upon their gender, race, religion, or creed.

(9) No person shall be put into jeopardy for the same crime twice.

(10) All accused persons shall receive a speedy trial. All trials will be public unless the courts deem that a public trial will be harmful to defendants, litigants, or those who testify. The accused may request a trial by jury; the courts, except the High Tribunal, must honor such a request.

Article 39 Exclusion of Rights

The listing of particular rights within this Constitution is meant as a minimum and should not be considered to imply that no other rights exist nor that these rights are incompatible with others.

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