Jun 26, 2007

First Draft of the Constitution, part 9

Article 30 Treaties

(1) The Sovereign retains the right to sign treaties with other States and organizations of States.

(2) The Assembly must ratify any treaty signed by the King. If 2/3 of each of the houses of the Assembly votes against such a treaty, it is nullified.

(3) If the Assembly fails to ratify or decline a treaty within three months of the Sovereign's signature, it is ratified by default.

(4) Any treaty that, in whole or in part, violates this Constitution shall be null and void.

Article 31 State of Emergency

(1) In situations of grave and immediate threat to the existence of the Kingdom, the Sovereign, as both the head of state and commander of the armed forces, may declare a State of Emergency.

(2) During a State of Emergency all powers of the Kingdom; executive, legislative, and judicial; are returned to the person of the Sovereign. The Sovereign may use Royal Decrees to promulgate Laws, issue legal judgments, and suspend all personal rights save the Right to Life.

(3) As soon as possible after such a declaration the Assembly shall vote to ratify the State of Emergency. This ratification requires a simple majority of each house of the Assembly. A State of Emergency exists until such ratification fails.

(4) The First Senator or the President of the Council may call for a vote of Emergency Powers at any time. If this vote is approved by a two-thirds majority of the houses of the Assembly a State of Emergency exists.

(5) A State of Emergency shall last no more than six months, although the Sovereign or Assembly may declare another immediately.

(6) A State of Emergency can be ended by Royal Decree or unanimous vote of the High Tribunal.

(7) All laws, legal judgments, and other such Royal Decrees issued by the Sovereign during a State of Emergency shall be reviewed by the High Tribunal as soon as possible after the end of the State of Emergency. Laws and judgments deemed no longer needed, conflicting with previously existing law, or unconstitutional may be freely nullified by decision of the High Tribunal

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